The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a work credit that may give you money back at tax time or lower the federal taxes you owe. You can claim the credit whether you’re single or married, or have children or not. The main requirement is that you must earn money from a job.
The credit can eliminate any federal tax you owe at tax time. If the EITC amount is more than what you owe in taxes, you get the money back in your tax refund. If you qualify for the credit, you can still receive a refund even if you do not owe income tax.
Beyond the federal EITC, 29 states and D.C. have adopted state EITCs. Check out the state EITC map to see if your state offers a tax credit.
How much can I get with the EITC?
The credit amount depends on your income, marital status, and family size. In 2020, the credit is worth up to $6,660. The credit amount rises with earned income until it reaches a maximum amount, then gradually phases out. Families with more children are eligible for higher credit amounts.
The Earned Income Tax Credit in Tax Year 2020
|Number of children:||Single workers with income less than:||Married workers with income less than:||EITC up to:|
|3 or more children||$50,954||$56,844||$6,660|
You cannot get the EITC if you have investment income more than $3,650 in 2020. Investment income includes taxable interest, tax-exempt interest, and capital gain distributions.
Am I eligible for the EITC?
There are three main criteria to claim the EITC:
- Income: You need to work and earn income. Your work doesn’t have to be year-round. Your earnings cannot be more than the amounts in the chart above, including investment income. Earned income can be from wages, salary, tips, employer-based disability, self-employment income, military pay, or union strike benefits.
- Taxpayer Identification Number: You need to have social security numbers that permit work for you, your spouse, and any children claimed for the EITC. You do not need to be a citizen to claim the EITC if you have a Social Security Number. You cannot claim the EITC if you file your taxes with an ITIN. For more information, please see Tax Filing with Immigrant or DACA Status. New: if you live in California or Colorado, you may be eligible to get the state EITC with an ITIN.
- Qualifying Child: If you claim children for the EITC, they must be a “qualifying child”. See below for details.
Additional criteria for some people to claim the EITC
- You must be between the ages of 25 and 64 if you are not claiming children
- You cannot file as married filing separately
Claiming children for the EITC
If you claim children as part of your EITC, they must pass three tests to be a “qualifying child”:
- Relationship: The child must be your son, daughter, grandchild, stepchild or adopted child; younger sibling, step-sibling, half-sibling, or their descendent; or a foster child placed with you by a government agency.
- Age: The child must be under 19, under 24 if a full-time student, or any age if totally and permanently disabled.
- Residency: The child must live with you in the U.S. for more than half the year. Time living together doesn’t have to be consecutive.
How do I claim the EITC?
To claim the EITC, you must file a tax return. If you are claiming a child for the EITC, you also need to submit “Schedule EIC”.
Going to a paid tax preparer is expensive and reduces the benefits of a tax refund. Luckily, there are free options available. You can visit a Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) site or GetYourRefund.org to have IRS-certified volunteers accurately file your taxes for free. You can also visit MyFreeTaxes.com to file your own taxes for free online if you do not have self-employment income.
Does my state have an EITC?
Many states have their own version of the federal EITC that can add more money to your tax refund. Most states match a percentage of your federal credit amount. Find out if your state has a state-level tax credit.