What to Do if I Owe Taxes but Can’t Pay Them

If you owe taxes and can’t pay them, don’t panic. File your taxes by the deadline and learn about your options. The important thing is to pay what you can and make a plan.

File your tax return by the deadline

You should still file your tax return by the deadline (usually April 15) and try to pay as much as you can to avoid penalties and interest. If you don’t file your taxes by the deadline, you will be charged a fine each month you are late, up to 5 months. You will also be charged a penalty for not paying your taxes by April 15 or sending a check that bounces.

COVID-19 Tax Relief:
Due to COVID-19, the tax filing deadline is now July 15, 2020. Payment on taxes owed are due by this date and will not accrue interest or penalties.

Make sure the amount is accurate

Make sure you are required to pay the amount. If you’ve received an IRS notice and don’t think you owe that amount, call the number on the notice to discuss it.

Figure what you can afford to pay

Think about your current and future financial situations and make a list of your monthly expenses, debts you owe, and how much you make. From there, determine how much you can afford to pay. If you choose to start a payment plan, make sure you can maintain those payments on time.

You may also consider different ways you can raise money, including borrowing from family and friends or taking out a loan. Interest rates and fees charged by a bank may be lower than what the IRS charges.

Consider using a payment plan

The options below are from the IRS. Note that unless you pay the amount owed in full, you will be charged interest and penalties.

Keep in mind that it’s important to respond to an IRS notice. The IRS has the right to take collection actions if you don’t pay your taxes. Learn more about the IRS collection process.

Financial Situation Payment Options Fees, Penalties, or Interest
If you can pay the full amount You have several options for paying the amount in full:

Service fee for credit or debit card

No interest or penalties

Financial institutions may charge a fee for EFW

Cash payments are charged a $3.99 fee per payment

If you can pay the full amount within 120 days or less Request a 120-day extension one of the following ways:

No service fees

Penalties and interest will accrue until the owed amount is paid in full

If you need more than 120 days to pay the full amount There are a couple different ways to set-up a long-term payment plan.

Through automatic withdrawals using the Direct Debit Installment Agreement

Apply online: $31 set-up fee

Apply by phone, mail, or in-person: $107 set-up fee

Low income: $31 fee waived

Penalties and interest will accrue until the owed amount is paid in full

COVID-19 Tax Relief:
If you have an existing Installment Agreement, payments due between April 1 and July 15, 2020 are suspended and the IRS will not default your agreement. Interest will continue to accrue on unpaid balances.

Pay amount without automatic withdrawals using Direct Pay, debit/credit card (service fees involved), check or money order. Apply online: $149 set-up fee (low income: $43 fee set-up fee, which may be waived if you meet the requirements)

Apply by phone, mail, or in-person: $225 set-up fee (low income: $43 set-up fee may be waived if you meet the requirements)

Penalties and interest will accrue until the owed amount is paid in full

Service fee for credit/debit card

If you won’t be able to pay off the full amount An Offer in Compromise (OIC) is an agreement between you and the IRS that reduces your tax liability if you can’t afford to pay. Check your OIC eligibility.

COVID-19 Tax Relief:
If you’ve already submitted an OIC application, you have until July 15, 2020 to provide any requested information. The IRS will not close any pending requests before July 15, 2020, without your consent.


$186 application fee and initial payment. If you meet Low Income Certification guidelines, you don’t need to send the fee or initial payment

Penalties and interest will accrue during consideration of application

COVID-19 Tax Relief:

You have the option to suspend all payments on accepted OICs until July 15, 2020. Note that if you suspend payment, interest will continue to accrue on any unpaid balances.

The IRS will not default an OIC if you haven’t filed a tax return for tax year 2018. Plan to file any necessary tax returns on or before July 15, 2020.

If you can’t make any payments If paying taxes owed would prevent you from meeting basic living expenses, you can request to Temporarily Delay the Collection Process by reporting your account currently not collectible. You will still owe the amount. Call the IRS for assistance at 800-829-1040 or call the number on your bill or notice. Penalties and interest will accrue until the owed amount is paid in full

The latest